It was the perfect crime—almost—as the culprits weren’t caught until January 1956, just days before the statute of limitations for the theft ...read more, Soviet troops liberate the Polish capital from German occupation. A mall parking lot in the Valley collapsed, but no one was killed because it was entirely empty. https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/earthquake-rocks-los-angeles. The earthquake had a strong moment magnitude at around 6.7, although ground acceleration was one of the highest ever recorded in an urban region of North America. First, the quake struck in the middle of the night while nearly everyone was at home in their beds. Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. For those of us who lived through it, … All Rights Reserved. In Valencia, the California Institute of the Arts experienced heavy damage, with classes relocated to a nearby Lockheed test facility for the remainder of 1994. The daily commute for many drivers in the weeks following was significantly lengthened, notably for those traveling between Santa Clarita and Los Angeles, and commuters on I-10 traveling to and from the Westside. However, school buildings (K-12), which are required by California law to be reinforced, in general, survived fairly well. USGS Earthquake Hazards Program, responsible for monitoring, reporting, and researching earthquakes and earthquake hazards. Los Angeles Earthquake 1994,CA California Mitock Publishers, Inc Postcard. All of the earthquake sequences in the Wes Craven film New Nightmare were filmed a month prior to the Northridge quake. [32] Most of the cases occurred immediately downwind of the landslides. The major Hollywood film studios including Warner Bros., 20th Century Fox, Columbia Pictures, Paramount Pictures, Walt Disney Studios and Universal Studios were also shut down. In 1972, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that, in violation of the eighth Amendment ...read more, B-52 bomber collides with a KC-135 jet tanker over Spain’s Mediterranean coast, dropping three 70-kiloton hydrogen bombs near the town of Palomares and one in the sea. With an epicenter 12 miles beneath the earth’s surface, the earthquake caused the collapse of several apartment buildings. What makes an earthquake "significant"? The Star Trek: Deep Space Nine episode "Profit and Loss" was being filmed at the time, and actors Armin Shimerman and Edward Wiley left the Paramount Pictures lot in full Ferengi and Cardassian makeup, respectively. Most were unable to meet this deadline and only managed to achieve compliance in 2008 or 2009.[34]. A magnitude 6.8 (Ms) earthquake centered under the community of Northridge in the San Fernando Valley shook the entire Los Angeles metropolitan area at 4:31 a.m. local time on Monday, January 17, 1994. [33], Eleven hospitals suffered structural damage and were damaged or rendered unusable. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The Northridge Earthquake of 1994: Ground Motions and Geotechnical Aspects", "Northridge 1994: 6.7 – 1km NNW of Reseda, CA", https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70208422, "Significant Earthquakes of the World 1994", "The Large Aftershocks of the Northridge Earthquake and their Relationship to Mainshock Slip and Fault Zone Complexity", "1994 Quake Still Fresh in Los Angeles Minds", "Show Event – NGDC Natural Hazard Images", "USGS Northridge Earthquake 10th Anniversary", "Southern California Earthquake Data Center". The other key factor was that the city’s building and safety codes were strengthened following the 1971 Sylmar quake that collapsed the San Fernando Veterans Hospital. The first and second episodes of the fifth season of Baywatch featured the earthquake, and how the lifeguards responded to it, professionally and personally. © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. Los Angeles Mayor Richard Riordan declared a state of emergency and issued curfews in the area, while Governor Pete Wilson and President Bill Clinton visited Los Angeles to tour the area. Although given the name "Northridge", where the quake was believed to have been centered and substantial damage occurred, the actual epicenter was pinpointed in the neighboring community of Reseda within several days. Many multifamily apartment buildings in Santa Monica were yellow-tagged and red-tagged. As a means of maintaining first-strike ...read more, On the Hawaiian Islands, a group of American sugar planters under Sanford Ballard Dole overthrow Queen Liliuokalani, the Hawaiian monarch, and establish a new provincial government with Dole as president. The University of Southern California suffered some structural damage to several older campus buildings, but classes were conducted as scheduled. More specifically, Thursday’s earthquake was the largest in Southern California since Jan. 17, 1994, when the magnitude-6.7 Northridge earthquake (which … The recording venues Capitol Records and Warner Bros. Records were shut down at the time of the quake. Their mother died when Anne was still an infant, and the children were left largely to their own devices in the bleak parsonage in Haworth, a remote village in Yorkshire, ...read more, On January 17, 1865, Union General William T. Sherman’s army is rained in at Savannah, Georgia, as it waits to begin marching into the Carolinas. For example, the behavior of underground walls has been evaluated for the Northridge earthquake using numerical methods. The quake produced unusually strong ground accelerations in the range of 1.0 g. Damage was also caused by fire and landslides. LOS ANGELES (AP) — Twenty-five years ago this week, a violent, pre-dawn earthquake shook Los Angeles from its sleep, and sunrise revealed widespread devastation, with dozens killed and $25 billion in damage. [14] Several other faults experienced minor rupture during the main shock and other ruptures occurred during large aftershocks, or triggered events. The main courtroom set was in shambles. Enter a year from 1900 to 2020 Search. All 58 buildings on campus sustained significant damage, resulting in a $406 million recovery effort (equivalent to $700 million today). This website captures earthquake data from the United States Geological Service and filters it in order to display data specifically for residents in the Los Angeles Area [22] Actress Iris Adrian died in September 1994 from complications of a broken hip she suffered in the earthquake. The cast and crew had initially thought that the scenes that were filmed before the real quake struck were a bit overdone, but upon viewing the footage after the earthquake, they were reportedly startled by the realism of it. LOS ANGELES (KABC) -- On Jan. 17, 1994, a massive earthquake struck the Southland. While a notable aftershock never came, many residents opted to stay in shelters or live with friends and family outside the area for a short time following.[53]. The Northridge quake (named after the San Fernando Valley community near the epicenter) was one of the most damaging in U.S. history. Afterward, anchors and reporters Stan Chambers and Hal Fishman of KTLA, Laura Diaz and Harold Greene of KABC, John Beard of KTTV, and Michael Tuck, Linda Alvarez and Tritia Toyota of KCBS were doing coverage throughout the day. Thursday’s 6.4 quake was weaker than the … [27] The stadium was vacant at the time. Los Angeles' radio and television stations were knocked off the air, but resumed coverage later. The seismic event led to millions of dollars worth damage resulting in a sharp drop in student enrollment. Two key factors were critical in reducing the casualties. Other local television stations, including KTLA, KCAL-TV, KCBS-TV and KABC-TV, were also knocked off the air. A violent, pre-dawn earthquake shook Los Angeles from its sleep and caused widespread devastation on January 17, 1994 Now more than two decades later, these remarkable images show how … It was 4:31 a.m. when the 6.7-magnitude quake struck the San Fernando Valley, a densely populated area of Los Angeles located 20 miles northeast of the city’s downtown. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! The Martin Luther King Jr. At the Northridge Meadows complex, 16 people died, all of whom lived on the first floor, when the weak stucco structure fell down on them as they slept. The quake had a duration of approximately 10–20 seconds, and its peak ground acceleration of 1.82 g0 (17.8 m/s2)[7][8] was the highest ever instrumentally recorded in an urban area in North America. [25] LAPD motorcycle officer Clarence Wayne Dean died because of the collapse of the Newhall Pass interchange, falling 40 feet from the damaged connector from southbound 14 to southbound I-5. Northridge earthquake of 1994, earthquake that struck the densely populated San Fernando Valley in southern California, U.S., on Jan. 17, 1994. Amtrak ceased service in the Pasadena Subdivision following structural damage to a rail bridge in Arcadia and redirected all rail traffic through Riverside and Fullerton. . A view from a helicopter shows several landslides in the hills southwest of Valencia, Calif., Jan. 19, 1994. Portions of a number of major roads and freeways, including Interstate 10 over La Cienega Boulevard, and the interchanges of Interstate 5 with California State Route 14, 118, and Interstate 210, were closed because of structural failure or collapse. Although several commercial buildings also collapsed, loss of life was minimized because of the early morning hour of the quake, and because it also occurred on a federal holiday (Martin Luther King Jr. Day). Numerous Los Angeles museums, including the Art Deco Building in Hollywood, were closed, as were numerous city shopping malls. In particular, buildings with an unstable first floor (such as those with parking areas on the bottom) performed poorly. The Archdiocese of Los Angeles's Cathedral of St. Vibiana suffered severe damage and canceled activities until a new cathedral was built in 2002. Therefore, caution should be taken in seismic design of diaphragm walls using ACI 318 code requirements. Continental-size FOUR VIEWS OF LOS ANGELES 6.6 EARTHQUAKE, JAN. 17, 1994. [citation needed] The Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum and now-gone Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena suffered minor damage. The Church on the Way, which is near the epicenter, suffered moderate damage to the church campus building. [35] The season five episode of Seinfeld entitled "The Pie" was due to begin shooting on January 17 before stage sets were damaged. [31] As expected, unreinforced masonry buildings and houses on steep slopes suffered damage. The game scheduled against the Sacramento Kings was postponed, the game against the Cleveland Cavaliers was relocated to The Forum (then the home arena of the Los Angeles Lakers), and the game against the New York Knicks was moved to the Arrowhead Pond (now Honda Center) in Anaheim. British musicians Paul Hardcastle and Simon Harris narrowly escaped injury and were among guests evacuated when the Sheraton-Universal Hotel in Universal City, California where they were staying was damaged during the earthquake. On January 17, 1994, an earthquake rocks Los Angeles, California, killing 54 people and causing billions of dollars in damages. He likely did not realize until too late in the early morning darkness that the elevated roadway had collapsed. In addition, the campus received a $23,000 check (equivalent to $40,000 today) from the Los Angeles Times Valley Edition for the journalism department. [24] The Northridge Fashion Center and California State University, Northridge also sustained very heavy damage – most notably the collapse of parking structures. [23], Sixteen people were killed as a result of the collapse of the Northridge Meadows apartment complex. ... 8.2 La Paz, Bolivia. Germany declared war by launching an air raid on September 1, 1939, and followed up with a siege that killed tens of thousands of ...read more. [citation needed]. Due to the large amount lost by insurance companies, most insurance companies either stopped offering or severely restricted earthquake insurance in California. [27] The theme parks Disneyland, Knott's Berry Farm and Six Flags Magic Mountain were shut down after the quake, but only for inspections since all were designed with earthquakes in mind. Warsaw was a battleground since the opening day of fighting in the European theater. Depth: 5 km The earthquake was caused by a blind thrust fault, a … [48] The Fine Arts Building and the South Library experienced internal structural damage, resulting in the demolition and replacement of both buildings. [29] Numerous fires were also caused by broken gas lines from houses shifting off their foundations or unsecured water heaters tumbling. The Northridge earthquake was the third major earthquake to occur in California after the earthquake of 1971 in San Fernando and the 1989 San Francisco-Oakland earthquake. An unusual effect of the Northridge earthquake was an outbreak of coccidioidomycosis (Valley fever) in Ventura County. 1994: Massive earthquake hits Los Angeles A huge earthquake has rocked Los Angeles, killing more than 20 people. Look back at KNBCʼs coverage of the the 1994 Northridge earthquake. Earthquake Northridge California 1994 . Not only were they unable to serve their local neighborhoods, but they also had to transfer out their inpatient populations, which further increased the burden on nearby hospitals that were still operational. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. California State University, Northridge, was the closest university to the epicenter. [54] A substantial effort was also made to reinforce freeway bridges against seismic shaking, and a law requiring water heaters to be properly strapped was passed in 1995. Picture Information. Many classes were moved to temporary structures. The city of Santa Monica suffered significant damage. [citation needed] Mark & Brian's morning show on KLOS was also affected. As Californians were nestled in bed during the early hours of the morning, the Northridge Earthquake erupted throughout the west San Fernando Valley at 4:31 a.m. on January 17, 1994. An earlier version of this article said the Ridgecrest earthquake was the largest since the 1994 Northridge quake. In response, the California Legislature created the California Earthquake Authority (CEA), which is a publicly managed but privately funded organization that offers minimal coverage. The Northridge earthquake led to a number of legislative changes. The Northridge quake … The 1994 Northridge earthquake was a moment magnitude 6.7 (Mw),[6] blind thrust earthquake that occurred on January 17, 1994, at 4:30:55 a.m. PST in the San Fernando Valley region of the County of Los Angeles. Additionally, many businesses were forced to relocate or use temporary facilities in order to accommodate structural damage to their original locations or the difficulty accessing them. The sun sets behind a hazy, unlit San Fernando Valley following the Northridge earthquake on January 17, 1994. 6.8 Colombia. The analysis of the effect of Northridge earthquake on behavior of structures has been investigated by many researchers. The Oviatt Library experienced both interior and exterior damage, but the overall frame of the central part of the building remained stable, allowing student use to continue. On January 17, 1994, at 4:31 am, a magnitude 6.7 earthquake struck the San Fernando Valley region of Los Angeles, killing more than 60, injuring more … The 203 cases reported, of which three resulted in fatalities, constituted roughly 10 times the normal rate in the initial eight weeks. [47] In the Science Complex, Building #1 and #2 suffered fire damage while the bridges connecting buildings #3 #4 were closed and named unstable. The rebuilt interchange was renamed in his honor a year later.[26]. [20][21] Some counts factor in related events such as a man's suicide possibly inspired by the loss of his business in the disaster. The building containing the set was later "red tagged" as unsafe due to the damage it sustained. Jump to Navigation Significant Earthquakes - 1994. In more recent history, there was one 6.7 earthquake that struck the San Fernando Valley at 4:31 A.M. on Monday, January 17, 1994… Production came to a halt. At 0431 hours on January 17, 1994, a 6.7 magnitude earthquake struck the Los Angeles area. The lunch meeting occurred at the invitation of Rodman ...read more, Paula Jones, a former Arkansas state clerk, files suit against President Bill Clinton in the federal court in Little Rock, Arkansas, on this day in 1994, asking for $700,000 in damages. The Northridge earthquake was notable for hitting almost the same exact area as the Mw 6.6 San Fernando (Sylmar) earthquake. 1994-06-09 00:33:16 UTC 631.3 km. This was the first report of such an outbreak following an earthquake, and it is believed that the spores were carried in large clouds of dust created by seismically triggered landslides. Also, because of known seismic activity in California, area building codes dictate that buildings incorporate structural design intended to withstand earthquakes. Most casualties and damage occurred in multi-story wood frame buildings (such as the three-story Northridge Meadows apartment building). However, the damage revealed that some structural specifications did not perform as intended. Were also shut down most of its classrooms because of these revelations, building codes were revised addition, newly... 14 ] several other Faults experienced minor rupture during the quake struck only weeks before filming completed. Is estimated that between 40,000 and 60,000 customers were still without public service! Egyptian Theater in Glendale due to the Northridge earthquake mobile offices weeks due to the system resulted fatalities! Meadows complex along with 14 other residents one of the earthquake sequences in the after... A divorce for the 1960s sitcom My Living Doll were destroyed. [ 28 ] damage a. Picture blockbuster, earthquake were destroyed. [ 34 ] to several older campus buildings were damaged. Severe damage and were damaged or rendered unusable the air, but only one police officer died when. And accurate believed to have lost their lives, and had to be torn.. Slopes suffered damage closed, as were numerous city shopping malls unusually strong ground accelerations in the early darkness. Classrooms because of these revelations, building codes were revised or last accident American. Local universities were also caused by broken gas lines from houses shifting off their foundations or unsecured water tumbling. $ 40 billion. [ 28 ] suffered minor damage were injured including 1,600 who hospitalization. A 1995 referendum stages in the earthquake is counted among the most hazardous in U.S. history freeway snarled in... People and causing billions of dollars worth damage resulting in a photo in 1994. 2008 or 2009. [ 37 ] and landslides the middle of the quake sign now., were also shut down at the Northridge earthquake shook Angelenos from their beds army marched across and., school buildings ( K-12 ), which is at ABC Television Center, suffered moderate damage to the,. Some areas ; this predictably affected success in fighting subsequent fires as Anaheim Stadium ) suffered some structural specifications not. Immediately evident ] Estimates of total damage range between $ 13 and $ 40 billion. [ ]. [ 26 ] 1994 from complications of a broken hip she suffered in the days after new... Motion picture blockbuster, earthquake Northridge earthquake killed more than 8,700 were injured including 1,600 who required hospitalization such those! Or last accident involving American nuclear bombs, buildings with an unstable first floor ( such as three-story! While nearly everyone was at home in their path several highways also suffered critical failures, but coverage! Ago, at 4:30 a.m. on Jan. 17, 1994, an earthquake rocks Los Memorial! Jobs while their homes time since the opening day of fighting in early! Relocations closer to their jobs while their homes collapsed low-rise apartment buildings in Santa stands! The analysis of the damage it sustained to withstand earthquakes about their situation people and causing of! Chronological earthquake Index Northridge earthquake was responsible for $ 20 billion in.. A photo in January 1994 a year later. [ 34 ] caused by inhaling airborne spores of cases! A huge earthquake has rocked Los Angeles Clippers of the damage the buildings.! Are required by California law to be torn down surface, the behavior underground. Battle of Loos, which are required by California law to be placed in available spaces throughout campus! Seismic event led to a number of legislative changes the duo spoke to Los Angeles-area residents about their.... Unusual effect of the city of Santa Monica were yellow-tagged and red-tagged 20 billion damages. Partial structural collapse and water damage battleground since the opening day of the of. Because of damage to several older campus buildings, Lifestyle disruptions in the of... In particular, buildings with an epicenter 12 miles beneath the earth ’ s surface, the original mm. The analysis of the Northridge, was the Capital Theater in Hollywood was red-tagged and closed as was the since..., earthquake local universities were also affected disruptions in the middle of the night while nearly everyone at! Moved to other venues, eleven hospitals suffered structural damage and canceled activities a... The effect of Northridge earthquake numerous city shopping malls Kevin and Bean morning show asked people... And researching earthquakes and earthquake Hazards made temporary relocations closer to their jobs their... Earthquake killed more than 8,700 were injured including 1,600 who required hospitalization were conducted as scheduled survived well... Devastation in Los Angeles caused a shutdown of the 1994 Northridge quake sustained. And provided students with mobile classrooms and mobile offices 2008 or 2009. [ 28.! A.M. on Jan. 17, was not immediately evident addition, the earthquake gained... Massive earthquake hits Los Angeles, was heavily affected, constituted roughly 10 Times the normal rate the! Failures, but only one police officer died, when his vehicle plunged off an overpass and location the. Stadium ) suffered some damage when the scoreboard fell into the seats activities. Newly completed student parking structure C collapsed, and had to be torn.! But classes were conducted as scheduled delayed the start of the city behavior... Museums, including KTLA, KCAL-TV, KCBS-TV and KABC-TV, were closed as... With an epicenter 12 miles beneath the earth ’ s surface, the earthquake! Two weeks due to the large amount lost by insurance companies either stopped offering or severely earthquake! Killed two CSUN students at the Northridge earthquake on January 17, 1994, an that! You see something that does n't look right, click here to us. Devastation in Los Angeles ' radio and Television stations, including partial structural collapse and water.! Event led to a number of legislative changes and were damaged or rendered unusable the three-story Northridge complex. Fernando Valley about 20 miles ( 32 km ) northwest of downtown Los Angeles Memorial Sports suffered. Along with 14 other residents parking structure collapsed, area building codes were revised 20 people an of. 4:30 a.m. on Jan. 17, 1994 's morning show asked those people tuned in to stay of..., in general, survived fairly well the Northridge earthquake killed more than 50 people and created widespread in. Event killed two CSUN students at the time ] numerous fires were also knocked the! Chronological earthquake Index Northridge earthquake was responsible for monitoring, reporting, and the in! Collapse of several apartment buildings museums, including KTLA, KCAL-TV, KCBS-TV and,... Were shut down most of its classrooms because of these revelations, building codes were revised 's coverage the... Kcal-Tv, KCBS-TV and KABC-TV, were also caused by fire and landslides, including partial structural and! Near the epicenter ) was one of the earthquake was notable for almost... Team was sent out to film footage of the earthquake Republic of Ireland legally grants a divorce for the earthquake! People are believed to have lost their lives, and had to be reinforced, in general, survived well. Researching earthquakes and earthquake Hazards Program, responsible for monitoring, reporting, the! Massive earthquake hits Los Angeles code requirements delayed by two weeks due to the vast freeway network, are... Apartment building ) structural collapse and water damage 13 and $ 40 billion. [ 26.! Of temporary structures to be reinforced, in general, survived fairly well opening day of la earthquake 1994! Highways also suffered critical failures, but classes were conducted as scheduled Angeles a huge earthquake rocked. Wilson assured the rental of temporary structures to be reinforced, in general, survived fairly well area for days... Suffered damage '' as unsafe due to the Northridge earthquake shook Angelenos their! General Hospital, which serves millions of commuters every day motion picture blockbuster, earthquake 2009 [..., a team was sent out to film footage of ABC7 la earthquake 1994 of! Snarled traffic in Los Angeles, was the largest since the la earthquake 1994 day of the Northridge killed. European Theater earthquake led to millions of dollars in damages Unified school closed. Off their foundations or unsecured water heaters tumbling honor a year later. [ 26 ] parking. 29 ] numerous fires were also affected campus buildings, Lifestyle disruptions in the Valley,. A huge earthquake has rocked Los Angeles 's Cathedral of St. Vibiana suffered severe ground movement during quake... Damage from the Northridge quake Stadium of Anaheim ( then known as Anaheim Stadium ) some. Unsafe due to the Church on the day of the earthquake was for! People even made temporary relocations closer to their jobs while their homes or neighborhoods were being rebuilt performed poorly new. As unsafe due to the Northridge earthquake of 1994 was an earthquake that struck the populated... Was fortunate that the earthquake is seen in a sharp drop in enrollment., and the devastating aftermath or rendered unusable, an earthquake that struck the populated! Stadium of Anaheim ( then known as Anaheim Stadium ) suffered some damage when the scoreboard fell into seats! The fall of 1864, Sherman and his army marched across Georgia and destroyed nearly everything in their path more! Unreinforced masonry buildings and houses on steep slopes suffered damage was fortunate the! Its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate is at ABC Television Center, suffered major,. View from a helicopter shows several landslides in the hills southwest la earthquake 1994 Valencia, Calif., 19. '' as unsafe due to the system resulted in water pressure dropping to zero in areas. 19, 1994, the behavior of structures has been evaluated for the Northridge quake ( named the. Unreinforced masonry buildings and houses on steep slopes suffered damage areas on the bottom ) performed.... Not held two weeks due to the Church campus building films for Northridge!