Since the end of the 20th century, human faces a variety of serious ecological issues and sustainable development issues and these issues have become a hot topic. - Get insight in the hazards from the past, how they changed in nature, intensity and behaviour Question 2 Life on Land. 2013: 90 - 92. 7. ' Problems and needs of the community: confronting hazards; risk exposure and resilience of the community. The value of the map lies in the fact that it facilitates communication and stimulate discussions on important issues in the community. Sustainable livelihoods cover a wide agenda and issues may be uncovered that cannot be addressed for whatever reason and in this may unduly raise expectations. - Preparedness: The degree of preparedness of the group. Available from: Real GNI per capita – helps to lift people out of extreme poverty and improve development outcomes (e.g. Over time, erosion can cause cliff collapse - therefore the coastline needs to be managed. For decades now, environmental, social, and economical issues have arisen in society and businesses. - Value differences because diversity can then create strength rather than division. - Let them use arrows to indicate the use of resources to and from households The benefits that trees provide can help cities and countries meet 15 of the 17 internationally supported United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. These different vectors, however, are unequally known and hard to model, in terms of both scope – where they will occur, where they will be felt the most – and severity. The present paper is devoted to the discussion of the environmental impacts of tourism and contains discussion of economic benefits of tourism compared to its ecological impacts. - History taking can be started with current experiences and then going back in time. 7. ' Community development plan - Identify high-risk behaviour: To identify high-risk behaviour, one must determine which acts or omissions cause adverse incidents and disasters. - Ask the household how they contribute (support) to other households, to the community and to the larger economic (social) environment - People at risk: The particular groups of people that will be at risk are identified and how they will be affected. This gives a much shorter lead-time and communities need to be much better prepared to ensure safety. Benefits of Attending. - Identify periods of stress, hazards, diseases, hunger, debt and vulnerability ' Systems within the community: political; institutional; economical; environmental; social and developmental Identify three high-priority safety issues and based on the analysis, choose one to work on. - Identify Hazards: by finding records that show causes of incidents and disasters / adverse events and identifying local patterns of loss events Active? - Identify High-risk Times: Can be time of day / week / year with higher incidence of events as well as the types of incidents occurring at certain times. This means that a unit (household / group / community) is relieved of poverty to the point where it can cope with stresses and shocks while maintaining or even enhancing its capabilities and assets both in present and in future without negative impact or undermining the natural resource base. Examples ofthese forces are listed below (paraphrased from Chua and White, 1988): 1. Victims often have some sort of a system on how to organise supplies and the international aid community need to respect this and not rush in to the situation with pre-determined delivery goals that may undermine the local capacities and traditions. Find community members that know the area and who are willing to share their experiences. Routes must traverse settlement areas, fields, rivers, woodlands and grazing. Semi-structured Interviews: are informal and conversational discussions that uses at most a checklist of possible questions as a guide instead of a formal questionnaire. Obtain audience participation and cooperation: involve the target groups in the implementation. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Oceans, seas and coastal areas form an integrated and essential component of the Earth’s ecosystem and are critical to sustainable development. Therefore this sort of accidents can produce a variety of situations from injury or loss of life to loss of load or spillage of hazardous materials. It is best to apply this activity in an early phase when a community is first engaged during a community risk assessment. SBS Study Guide - Disaster Risk Reduction II. However if a more thorough vulnerability assessment is required, the Philippine Citizen's Disaster Response Network (CDRN) also developed a checklist of vulnerability indicators to assess, particularly with regard to food insecurity and malnutrition since disasters affect people's livelihood strategies. Cost estimation for coastal protection –summary of evidence Executive summary This summary of evidence provides indicative costs and guidance for coastal erosion and flood management activities. The purpose of the walk is: Their strengths and weaknesses can make a significant difference to the ability to rebuild and improve their material base and social institutions. Oceans that are not healthy and resilient are not able to support economic growth. - Group interview: get community level information, access to a large body of information, not useful for sensitive issues - Let them clarify who uses and controls these resources with regard to gender, class, ethnicity, religion or age. These methods may include certain techniques such as observations, pilot studies, quantitative analysis and questionnaires. The Mitigation Hierarchy has emerged as a best‐practice framework for achieving sustainable development (CSBI, Cross Sector Biodiversity Initiative, 2015). Secondary factors such as age or poorer communities may produce a higher impacts and a lesser coping ability. Once the above questions are answered, one can design a programmes package and establish how to produce the programme materials. B. By bypassing the government of that community may be more cost effective and can be justified if that government manipulates the distribution of the aid but can be seen as a form of political interference. - Seek problems and opportunities. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.iisd.org/sd/. Determine the message content: the information content should be directed towards specific hazards, it should be positive in attitude and it should clearly identify the context of the hazard along with the desired behaviour. Southern Business School. According to the EUROSION study (Doody et al. - Poverty ' Committee functioning Grouping can be according to gender, age, resource owners, etc. - Review hazard map, seasonal calendar and resource map and then determine criteria to select households from different socio-economic groups, the selection should not be at random. The main international airport of 26 of the world's 39 small island states is located on coastal land. Hard engineering strategies - advantages and disadvantages. [21-12-20]. Contemporary human-made hazards: Erosion is a natural process which shapes cliffs. The problem-tree tool can be used in the following manner: The following questions can be good indicators: A blue economy provides SIDS and coastal LDCs with a basis to pursue a low-carbon and resource-efficient path to economic growth and development designed to enhance livelihoods for the poor, create employment opportunities, and reduce poverty. E.g. USB Drive. Explain to those present what the purpose of the activity is These disasters are difficult to control due to the disorganized nature of socio-economic life in these informal settlements. Maps can be made on different scales and can identify assets used by a group of households or they can identify the asset base of a community or district. - How many members are there? However public education and awareness campaigns can fail if there is a lack in understanding of the community dynamics because communities function as an entity involving different intricate systems. The community first approach is more labour intensive where the hazard first approach works well when there is limited resources and prioritization needs to take place. 1.1.1. Vulnerability Assessment: The results of vulnerability analysis and risks for a community is the basis of risk reduction and education programmes. In this way it empowers the people to be involved in all aspects of the project including planning and implementation of the research as well as the solutions that emerge. From ending world hunger to improving global healthcare, the SDGs seek to shape development … - The focus becomes reality and if the focus is based solely on the negative it can ensnare us. - Continue discussion on how the household copes in times of stress. Prepare the key issues in advance, for example a checklist of questions Three elements make a EWS: 1.2. Cost estimation for coastal protection –summary of evidence . 1.1. Powell suggested that through evaluation one should compare new data with the baseline data and evaluate the overall impact of the programme. Communities living and working close airports or an air travel route are more at risk for this type of disasters. - Have a discussion on coping strategies, change in gender roles and responsibilities during times of disasters, or any other relevant issues Learn more . Sustainable Development Tourism development requires an involvement of human activity in the natural resources. Step 5: Evaluation of the programme to determine impact. The checklist in itself is not complete but should be considered as an additional guideline to help analysing people's vulnerability. - Identify gender specific work division, in times of disaster and in normal daily life. Employee Training and Development: The Benefits and Why it’s Important. Once the three components of the Hazard, Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment are done, all the data is placed in the matrix for each of the possible hazards that might have an impact on the said community. ' Often a large number of people in these communities are employed by the polluting factories, mines or organizations. Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction Intervention. The determined programme budget should be based on the needs of the intervention programme and must address development and implementation of the programme for the first year. Poverty is as a direct result of human actions and there are many reasons for the magnitude and extent of poverty in developing countries but a prominent factor that contribute to large-scale poverty is food shortage. Then choose the most effective approach within the limitations of available resources as well as selecting the programme objectives and establish the baseline data for the objectives. The person doing the observation have to start with analysing the purpose for which the organization engages with this specific community and will from there identify indicators that can be assessed through direct observation. True capacity building involves the creation of a fertile environment within which the group can continue to grow knowledge and experience. The group can then interpret what is being meant by the answers. - Measuring livelihoods or resilience: Various livelihood methodology and research methods are available to use but it is up to research to decide which elements will be included in measuring livelihood and resilience. At its core it refers to the decoupling of socioeconomic development through oceans-related sectors and activities from environmental and ecosystems degradation. Disaster Risk Reduction II ' DRR200. addy3c32c2377212b4372340269201eb3ec7 = addy3c32c2377212b4372340269201eb3ec7 + 'tralac' + '.' + 'org'; - Scientific information about the potential hazards or threats Vulnerability Capacity and Analysis E.g. - Physical or Material: Called 'livelihood resilience'. - Background on the community in the form of census, reports or research findings. What coping strategies do people have that would enable them to cope with crisis or effects of disaster. Voting can be done by the group members sticking voting dots to the answers they deem most important. To recognise the vulnerabilities and capacities of an affected population is essential for creating and implementing the most effective disaster response. Participatory Research as a tool to analyse Sustainable Livelihoods It helps to understand livelihood strategies, behaviour, decisions and perceptions of risk, capabilities and vulnerabilities of households from various socio-economic backgrounds. Answers that is similar can be grouped together. Step 1: Identification of major disaster risk issues as well as hazard and community analysis. 1.1.2. More information: Julie M. Reimer et al, Benefits and gaps in area-based management tools for the ocean Sustainable Development Goal, Nature … Capacity Assessment: The purpose of doing a capacity assessment is to understand a group's previous experiences with hazards that caused them to develop certain coping strategies and to identify any available resources that the community uses to prepare for and to mitigate the impact of a disaster. var addy_text3c32c2377212b4372340269201eb3ec7 = 'info' + '@' + 'tralac' + '.' + 'org';document.getElementById('cloak3c32c2377212b4372340269201eb3ec7').innerHTML += ''+addy_text3c32c2377212b4372340269201eb3ec7+'<\/a>'; Encourage both genders and all age groups to participate as this will give you a broader perspective. The second set of challenges is the need to invest in the human capital required to harness the employment and development benefits of investing in innovative blue economy sectors. Poverty exacerbated by dwainding resources, degraded fisheries habitats andlack of alternative livelihoods; 3. - Long-term warnings: warnings that is issued months ' a year in advance. List alternative programme objectives, estimate the cost of each alternative program objective, and estimate the loss-reduction of each programme objective. Demographics of the particular population: total population; race / culture / nationality; age; gender; language; religion.